Claude Monet

Oscar-Claude Monet was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement’s philosophy of expressing one’s perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term “Impressionism” is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.

Monet has been described as “the driving force behind Impressionism”. Crucial to the art of the Impressionist painters was the understanding of the effects of light on the local colour of objects, and the effects of the juxtaposition of colours with each other. Monet’s long career as a painter was spent in the pursuit of this aim.

Monet’s ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons. From 1883 Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. In 1899 he began painting the water lilies, first in vertical views with a Japanese bridge as a central feature, and later in the series of large-scale paintings that was to occupy him continuously for the next 20 years of his life.

Claude Monet,The Seine, seen from the heights Chantemesle (1881)
The Seine, seen from the heights Chantemesle (1881)
Claude Monet, The Row Boat
The Row Boat
Claude Monet, Trees in Bloom (1872)
Trees in Bloom (1872)
Claude Monet, Olive Tree Wood in the Moreno Garden
Olive Tree Wood in the Moreno Garden
Claude Monet, Lilacs in the Sun
Lilacs in the Sun
Claude Monet, The Frost (1885)
The Frost (1885)
Claude Monet, Water Lilies Nympheas (1907)
Water Lilies Nympheas (1907)
Claude Monet, Trees in Winter View of Bennecourt (1887)
Trees in Winter View of Bennecourt (1887)
Claude Monet, Morning on the Seine
Morning on the Seine
Claude Monet, The Isle Grande Jatte on the Siene (1878)
The Isle Grande Jatte on the Siene (1878)
Claude Monet, The Seine at Lavacourt
The Seine at Lavacourt
Claude Monet, Water Lilies (1917)
Water Lilies (1917)
Claude Monet, Vernon Church in Fog (1893)
Vernon Church in Fog (1893)
Claude Monet, White Azaleas in a Pot (1885)
White Azaleas in a Pot (1885)
Claude Monet, Water Lilies Green Reflection Left Half (1926)
Water Lilies Green Reflection Left Half (1926)
Claude Monet, Snow at Argenteuil (1874)
Snow at Argenteuil (1874)
Claude Monet, The Bridge at Argenteuil (1874)
The Bridge at Argenteuil (1874)
Claude Monet, Cliff near Pourville
Cliff near Pourville
Claude Monet, The Magpie (1869)
The Magpie (1869)
Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Water Lilies
Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Water Lilies
Claude Monet, Morning on the Seine near Giverny, the Fog
Morning on the Seine near Giverny, the Fog
Claude Monet, Path at Pourville
Path at Pourville
Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Water Lilies
Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Water Lilies
Claude Monet, The River Epte
The River Epte
Claude Monet, Two Trees in a Meadow (1886)
Two Trees in a Meadow (1886)
Claude Monet, The Pont de l'Europe Gare Saint-Lazare (1877)
The Pont de l'Europe Gare Saint-Lazare (1877)
Claude Monet, Spot on the Banks of the Seine (1881)
Spot on the Banks of the Seine (1881)
Claude Monet, The Blue Row Boat (1887)
The Blue Row Boat (1887)
Claude Monet, Gare St. Lazare
Gare St. Lazare
Claude Monet, Morning on the Seine near Giverny
Morning on the Seine near Giverny
Claude Monet, The Road in Vetheuil in Winter
The Road in Vetheuil in Winter
Claude Monet, Water Lilies (1899)
Water Lilies (1899)
Claude Monet, The Seine at Vetheuil
The Seine at Vetheuil
Claude Monet, Water Lilies Reflections of Weeping Willows Left Half (1919)
Water Lilies Reflections of Weeping Willows Left Half (1919)
Claude Monet, Fields of Flowers and Windmills near Leiden
Fields of Flowers and Windmills near Leiden
Claude Monet, Water Lilies Evening Effect (1899)
Water Lilies Evening Effect (1899)
Claude Monet, Landscape at Port-Villez (1883)
Landscape at Port-Villez (1883)
Claude Monet, The Coast of Varengeville (1882)
The Coast of Varengeville (1882)
Claude Monet, Willows Giverny
Willows Giverny
Claude Monet, Poplars on the Banks of the Epte
Poplars on the Banks of the Epte
Claude Monet, The Banks of the River Epte at Giverny (1887)
The Banks of the River Epte at Giverny (1887)
Claude Monet, Water Lilies (1917)
Water Lilies (1917)
Claude Monet, The Arm of the Seine (1878)
The Arm of the Seine (1878)
Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Water Lilies
Claude Monet, Rain in Belle-Ile (1886)
Rain in Belle-Ile (1886)