Ivan Shishkin

Ivan Shishkin

Shishkin was born in Yelabuga of Vyatka Governorate (today Republic of Tatarstan) and graduated from the Kazan gymnasium. Then he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture for four years. After that, he attended the Saint Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts from 1856 to 1860 and graduated with the highest honours and a gold medal. He received the imperial scholarship for his further studies in Europe.

Five years later Shishkin became a member of the Imperial Academy in St. Petersburg and was professor of painting from 1873 to 1898. At the same time, Shishkin headed the landscape painting class at the Highest Art School in St. Petersburg.

For some time, Shishkin lived and worked in Switzerland and Germany on scholarship from the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts. On his return to Saint Petersburg, he became a member of the Circle of the Itinerants and of the Society of Russian Watercolorists. He also took part in exhibitions at the Academy of Arts, the All-Russian Exhibition in Moscow (1882), the Nizhniy Novgorod (1896), and the World Fairs (Paris, 1867 and 1878, and Vienna, 1873). Shishkin’s painting method was based on analytical studies of nature. He became famous for his forest landscapes and was also an outstanding draftsman and a printmaker.

Ivan Shishkin, Forest in Spring (1884)
Forest in Spring (1884)
Ivan Shishkin, At the Wicket
At the Wicket
Ivan Shishkin, Stones
Stones
Ivan Shishkin, Amanita (1879)
Amanita (1879)
Ivan Shishkin, Bench at the Mall (1872)
Bench at the Mall (1872)
Ivan Shishkin, The Teutoburg Forest (1865)
The Teutoburg Forest (1865)
Ivan Shishkin, Noon Suburbs of Moscow Bratsevo (1866)
Noon Suburbs of Moscow Bratsevo (1866)
Ivan Shishkin, Twilight After Sunset (1874)
Twilight After Sunset (1874)
Ivan Shishkin, Herd in the Forest (1864)
Herd in the Forest (1864)
Ivan Shishkin, Little House in Dusseldorf (1856)
Little House in Dusseldorf (1856)
Ivan Shishkin, Birch and Mountain Ash (1878)
Birch and Mountain Ash (1878)
Ivan Shishkin, Landscape (1898)
Landscape (1898)
Ivan Shishkin, Coniferous Forest (1873)
Coniferous Forest (1873)
Ivan Shishkin, Forest Stream (1874)
Forest Stream (1874)
Ivan Shishkin, Flowers at the Fence
Flowers at the Fence
Ivan Shishkin, First Snow (1875)
First Snow (1875)
Ivan Shishkin, Covert (1874)
Covert (1874)
Ivan Shishkin, On the Shore of the Gulf of Finland Udrias near Narva (1888)
On the Shore of the Gulf of Finland Udrias near Narva (1888)
Ivan Shishkin, Goutweed Grass
Goutweed Grass
Ivan Shishkin, Grass (1892)
Grass (1892)
Ivan Shishkin, Evening in a Pine Forest (1875)
Evening in a Pine Forest (1875)
Ivan Shishkin, The Road in the Rye (1866)
The Road in the Rye (1866)
Ivan Shishkin, Krestovsky Island Shrouded in Mist
Krestovsky Island Shrouded in Mist
Ivan Shishkin, Flowers in the Forest (1877)
Flowers in the Forest (1877)
Ivan Shishkin, Pine on the Cliff (1855)
Pine on the Cliff (1855)
Ivan Shishkin, Oak (1865)
Oak (1865)
Ivan Shishkin, Gathering Storm (1884)
Gathering Storm (1884)
Ivan Shishkin, Misty Morning (1897)
Misty Morning (1897)
Ivan Shishkin, Coniferous Forest Sunny Day (1895)
Coniferous Forest Sunny Day (1895)
Ivan Shishkin, Stones
Stones
Ivan Shishkin, Pine Forest
Pine Forest
Ivan Shishkin, Last Rays (1865)
Last Rays (1865)
Ivan Shishkin, Oaks Evening (1887)
Oaks Evening (1887)
Ivan Shishkin, The Forest Horizons (1884)
The Forest Horizons (1884)
Ivan Shishkin, Corner of Overgrown Garden Goutweed Grass (1884)
Corner of Overgrown Garden Goutweed Grass (1884)

Ivan Shishkin owned a dacha in Vyra, south from St. Petersburg. There he painted some of his finest landscapes. His works are notable for poetic depiction of seasons in the woods, wild nature, animals and birds. In 1891, he was appointed professor-director of the landscape class in the Academy’s Advanced Art School. In 1898, he completed his painting The Pine Grove and died on 20 March in St. Petersburg, while working on his new painting.